EdMatrix

Directory of Learning Standards

Learning Standards Matrix Diagram

This matrix positions representative Learning Technology Standards on two dimensions. The vertical dimension is A Taxonomy of Learning Standards. The horizontal dimension is the Four-Layer Framework for Data Standards. Positioning standards according these dimensions can help education technology vendors and consumers identify the standards that are relevant to their work.

The following table is a more complete list of learning standards. Follow the links access the standards and their governing organizations. If you're aware of a standards effort that's not listed, or if a description is incomplete, please contribute your updates.

Also see the Table of Standards Organizations.

Standards Table

StandardStandards
Org
DescriptionTypesData LayersEd
Levels
SIF Data Model A4L

SIF Data Model: Data model for representing and transmitting educational information.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
Content Metadata
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
PK
Primary
Secondary
SIF Infrastructure A4L

SIF Infrastructure: Protocol for transmitting educational information.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
Content Metadata
4. Protocol PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
ACT Holistic Framework ACT

ACT Holistic Framework: To help people navigate these shifts from kindergarten to career (K–Career), ACT has created a holistic framework for understanding education and work readiness, navigating life’s transition points, and achieving success.

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Competency Data
Content Metadata
Competency & Achievement
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
SCORM ADL/IEEE

Sharable Content Object Reference Model: A format for developing and publishing reusable digital learning resources for use in learning management systems and other learning environments.

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Content Packaging 2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
xAPI ADL/IEEE

Experience API: A protocol for reporting and tracking learning activities and student experiences.

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Student Data 4. Protocol PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
NGSS Achieve

Next Generation Science Standards: A set of standards and competency framework for science education. Adopted by several states.

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Competency & Achievement Primary
Secondary
Blockcerts Blockcerts

Blockcerts is an open standard for creating, issuing, viewing, and verifying blockchain-based certificates. These digital records are registered on a blockchain, cryptographically signed, tamper-proof, and shareable. The goal is to enable a wave of innovation that gives individuals the capacity to possess and share their own official records.

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Student Data
Competency Data
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
All
UDL CAST

Universal Design for Learning: A framework to optimize teaching and learning based on learning science and in support of students of all abilities.

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Design & Practice All
CCSS CCSSO/NGA

Common Core State Standards: Competency standards for English Language Arts - Literacy and Mathematics for K-12. Adopted by many U.S. States.

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Competency & Achievement Primary
Secondary
CTDL Credential Engine

Credential Transparency Description Language: Enables rich description of credential-related resources related (linked) to other entities in the credentialing ecosystem. Described resources include assessments, learning opportunities, requirements, costs, and conceptual frameworks. Resource descriptions support labor market outcomes, education and career pathways, and employer preferences.

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Content Metadata 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
LRMI DCMI

Learning Resource Metadata Initiative: A set of metadata terms for describing learning resources and their relationship to standards or competencies. The LRMI terms are incorporated into Schema.org Creative Work.

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Content Metadata 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
All
Europass Learning Model European Commission

Europass Learning Model captures the results of any non-formal and formal learning across Europe, as well as the validation of non-formal and informal learning. It is designed to provide a single format to describe certificates of attendance, examination results, degrees and diplomas, diploma supplements, professional certifications, employer recommendations and any other kind of claims that are related to learning.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
Competency Data
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
JSON ECMA

JSON: A lightweight text-based format for data interchange. Forms the basis for many educational data serialization formats.

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Foundational 3. Serialization All
Assessment API Ed-Fi Alliance

The Ed-Fi Assessment Outcomes API describes a REST API surface to enable exchange of assessment metadata and student assessment results between disparate and geographically separated systems operated by different organizations.

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Student Data
Content Metadata
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
PK
Primary
Secondary
Core Student API Ed-Fi Alliance

The Ed-Fi Core Student Data API standard describes a REST API surface that covers the core data domains typically managed by student information systems in K–12 education. These standards can be used to drive analysis of student performance, both alone and in combination with data from other systems.

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3. Serialization
4. Protocol
PK
Primary
Secondary
Ed-Fi Data Standard Ed-Fi Alliance

The Ed-Fi Data Standard is a common model providing the data elements and serialization formats on which all other Ed-Fi data systems are based.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
PK
Primary
Secondary
Enrollment API Ed-Fi Alliance

The Ed-Fi Enrollment API describes a set of read-only REST APIs for transfer of basic student and teacher demographic data and enrollment data for K–12 education. The API is intended to allow source systems to provide the basic data needed to provision a broad range of online teaching and learning applications.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
PK
Primary
Secondary
EPUB IDPF

EPUB for Education: A profile of the IDPF EPUB standard for digital book publishing targeted at education.

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Content Packaging 3. Serialization Secondary
HigherEd
LOM IEEE LTSC

Learning Object Metadata: A schema for metadata that describes learning objects and resources.

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Content Metadata 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
HTTP IETF

HyperText Transfer Protocol: Standard protocol for transmitting content and data on the internet. The world-wide web and many data exchange protocols are based on HTTP.

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Foundational 4. Protocol
CASE IMS Global

Competencies & Academic Standards Exchange: A standard format for representing competency frameworks such as state standards, learning objectives, etc.

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Competency Data 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
All
Caliper IMS Global

IMS Caliper Analytics: A protocol for transmitting and collecting learning events for later analysis.

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Student Data 4. Protocol All
IMS CC IMS Global

IMS Common Cartridge: A content packaging standard for course materials.

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Content Packaging 2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
IMS CP IMS Global

IMS Content Packaging: A format for packaging content and associated metadata for exchange between educational systems.

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Content Packaging 2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
LTI IMS Global

IMS Learning Tools Interoperability: A protocol that enables a learning management system to incorporate custom learning tools or experiences offered by another system.

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Content Integration 4. Protocol All
OBI IMS Global

Open Badge Infrastructure: A format for communicating skills and achievements.

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Student Data 3. Serialization
4. Protocol
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
OneRoster IMS Global

OneRoster: A protocol and format for secure exchange of class roster information between applications.

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Student Data 3. Serialization
4. Protocol
Primary
Secondary
QTI IMS Global

IMS Question and Test Interoperability: A content packaging format for questions (assessment items) and tests. QTI 3.0 incorporates the accessibility features formerly defined in IMS APIP.

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Content Packaging 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
ISTE Standards ISTE

The ISTE Standards are a framework of practice for technology-supported learning. They include standards for students, educators, leaders, and coaches.

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Competency & Achievement All
Activity Report MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Activity Report: Activity Report allows organizations to electronically compile continuing education (CE) and Maintenance of Certification certificate data across providers, making it easier to track lifelong learning and improvement.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Competency Framework MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Competency Framework: The Competency Framework allows competencies and learning outcomes to be used as the backbone of education and performance management systems, enabling users to search for resources addressing a specific competency and determine where competencies are addressed in the curriculum.

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Competency Data
Content Metadata
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Curriculum Inventory MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory: Curriculum Inventory facilitates the exchange and aggregation of data about health professions curriculum across the continuum of professional education and training. It enables the aggregation of curriculum data for research and benchmarking.

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Institutional Data
Competency Data
Content Metadata
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Educational Achievement MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Educational Achievement: The Educational Achievement standard facilitates the exchange of data about a learner’s achievements and competencies across the continuum of professional education. It includes the ability to document entrustment decisions and achievement of milestones.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
Competency Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Healthcare LOM MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Healthcare Learning Object Metadata: Healthcare Learning Object Metadata (Healthcare LOM) provides a standard way to describe learning activities and content, making it possible to maximize the value of your content and connect to the broader community of healthcare educators.

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Content Metadata 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
MEMS MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Education Metrics: MedBiquitous Metrics (officially known as Medical Education Metrics [MEMS]) provides a standard format for continuing education (CE) outcomes data, allowing educators to bring outcomes data together across systems and organizations for better research.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Performance Framework MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Performance Framework: The Performance Framework standard allows one to represent expected levels of performance related to a competency in a standard format. Performance frameworks can then be referenced from other data to make learner performance data portable and easily understood across a learner’s career.

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Institutional Data
Competency Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Healthcare Professional Profile MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Healthcare Professional Profile: The Healthcare Professional Profile provides a standard format for profile data on healthcare professionals, making it easier to exchange and compile data across organizations.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
MedBiquitous Virtual Patient MedBiquitous

MedBiquitous Virtual Patient: Virtual Patients are interactive computer programs that simulate real life clinical scenarios for educational purposes. The MedBiquitous Virtual Patient standard (MVP) enables the exchange of virtual patients across systems and institutions.

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Content Metadata
Content Packaging & Integration
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
EDI NIST

Electronic Data Interchange: An older data transmission standard. In education, the principal use is exchange of student transcript data between institutions.

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Foundational 4. Protocol HigherEd
Workforce
Military
Academic Record PESC

PESC Academic Record: Uses Core Main. Includes information that would appear on a transcript including test score reporting.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Admissions Record PESC

PESC Admissions Record: Uses Core Main. Includes admissions specific information.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Core Main PESC

PESC Core Main: Base information related to core data related to the person, course, and grade. Serves as the foundation for all other PESC standards.

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Student Data
Educator Data
Institutional Data
Competency Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
Workforce
Common Credential PESC

PESC Common Credential for Certificates, Degrees and Diplomas: An XML Data Standard to be used by any organization, college, university, school, district, state, province, and/or service provider to fully communicate degrees, certifications and other similar credentials obtained by the student.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
Competency Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
ePortfolio PESC

PESC ePortfolio: The Academic ePortolio schema facilitates the transmission of eportfolio data from one eportfolio system to another.

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Student Data 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
HigherEd
EOC Schema.org

Educational or Occupational Credential: A diploma, academic degree, certification, qualification, badge, etc., that may be awarded to a person or other entity that meets the requirements defined by the credentialer. Developed and submitted to Schema.org by the W3C EOC Community Group.

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Student Data
Institutional Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
FERPA U.S. Government

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A U.S. Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.

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Design & Practice PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Section 508 U.S. Government

Section 508 Accessibility Requirements: U.S Federal Government Requirements for accessibility of IT applications.

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Design & Practice PK
Primary
Secondary
HigherEd
Workforce
Military
CEDS US Ed

Common Education Data Standards: Data Dictionary and Logical Data Model for representing educational data of all sorts.

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Competency Data
Student Data
Educator Data
Content Data
1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
All
HTML W3C

HyperText Markup Language: Standard format for web content. Many applications and standards make use of HTML format content.

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Foundational 3. Serialization
WCAG W3C

Web Contnet Accessibility Guidelines: A set of guidelines for ensuring that web content is accessibe to people with disabilities.

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Design & Practice All
XML W3C

EXtensible Markup Language: A common format for representing digital content and data. Many educational data formats are based on XML.

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Foundational 3. Serialization All
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