EdMatrix

Education Technology, Standards, Strategy, and Assessment

Education Standards Matrix

This matrix positions prominent Education Technology Standards on two dimensions. The horizontal dimension is the Four Layer Framework for Data Standards. The vertical dimension is based on A Taxonomy of Education Standards. Positioning standards according these dimensions can help education technology vendors and consumers identify the standards that are relevant to their work.

Standards Table

A draft update of this table includes more than twice as many standrds. Please see the work-in-progress here.

Standard Standards Org Description Types Data Layers Ed Levels
Caliper IMS Global IMS Caliper Analytics: A protocol for transmitting and collecting learning events for later analysis. Student Data 4. Protocol All
CASE IMS Global Competencies & Academic Standards Exchange: A standard format for representing competency frameworks such as state standards, learning objectives, etc. Competency Data Model 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
All
CCSS CCSSO/NGA Common Core State Standards: Competency standards for English Language Arts - Literacy and Mathematics for K-12. Adopted by many U.S. States. Competency & Achievement N/A K-12
CEDS US Ed Common Education Data Standards: Data Dictionary and Logical Data Model for representing educational data of all sorts. Competency Data
Student Data
Educator Data
Content Data
1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
All
CLR IMS Global Comprehensive Learner Record: A digital record for learners incorporating all learning experiences and achievements. Student Data 3. Serialization All
Ed-Fi Ed-Fi Alliance Ed-Fi: Rules that allow educational data systems to connect and share educational data. Student Data
Educator Data
Content Data
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
Pre-K to 12
EDI NIST Electronic Data Interchange: An older data transmission standard. In education, the principal use is exchange of student transcript data between institutions. Foundational 4: Protocol All
EPUB IDPF EPUB for Education: A profile of the IDPF EPUB standard for digital book publishing targeted at education. Formerly known as EduPUB Content Packaging 3. Serialization All
FERPA US Government Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A U.S. Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. Design & Practice N/A All
HTML W3C HyperText Markup Language: Standard format for web content. Many applications and standards make use of HTML format content. Foundational 3. Serialization All
HTTP IETF HyperText Transfer Protocol: Standard protocol for transmitting content and data on the internet. The world-wide web and many data exchange protocols are based on HTTP. Foundational 3. Serialization All
IMS CC IMS Global IMS Common Cartridge: A content packaging standard for course materials. Content Packaging 1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
IMS CP IMS Global IMS Content Packaging: A format for packaging content and associated metadata for exchange between educational systems. Content Packaging 1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
ISTE Standards ISTE Standards The ISTE Standards are a framework of practice for technology-supported learning. They include standards for students, educators, leaders, and coaches. Competency & Achievement N/A All
JSON ECMA JSON: A lightweight text-based format for data interchange. Many educational data formats are based on json. Foundational 3. Serialization All
LOM IEEE Learning Object Metadata: A schema for metadata about learning objects or resources. Content Metadata 1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
LRMI Dublin Core Learning Resource Metadata Initiative: A set of metadata terms for describing learning resources and their relationship to standards or competencies. Content Metadata 1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
All
LTI IMS Global IMS Learning Tools Interoperability: A protocol that enables a learning management system to incorporate custom learning tools or experiences offered by another system. Content Integration 4. Protocol All
NGSS Achieve Next Generation Science Standards: A set of standards and competency framework for science education. Adopted by several states. Competency & Achievement N/A K-12
OBI IMS Global Open Badge Infrastructure: A format for communicating skills and achievements. Student Data 3. Serialization
4. Protocol
All
OneRoster IMS Global OneRoster: A protocol and format for secure exchange of class roster information between applications. Student Data 3. Serialization
4. Protocol
K-12
PESC PESC PESC Standards for Credential Exchange: A set of standards for communicating student transcript information between institutions including high school to college and between colleges and universities. Student Data 1. Data Dict
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
4. Protocol
Higher Ed
QTI IMS Global IMS Question and Test Interoperability: A content packaging format for questions (assessment items) and tests. Content Packaging 1. Data Dict.
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
SCORM ADL Sharable Content Object Reference Model: A format for developing and publishing reusable digital learning resources for use in learning management systems and other learning environments. Content Packaging 2. Data Model
3. Serialization
All
Section 508 U.S. Government U.S Federal Government Requirements for accessibility of IT applications. Design & Practice N/A All
SIF Data Model A4L SIF Data Model: Data model for representing and transmitting educational information. Student Data
Educator Data
Content Data
2. Data Model
3. Serialization
K-12
SIF Infrastructure A4L SIF Infrastructure: Protocol for transmitting educational information. Student Data
Educator Data
Content Data
4. Protocol K-12
UDL CAST Universal Design for Learning: A framework to optimize teaching and learning based on learning science and in support of students of all abilities. Design & Practice N/A All
WCAG W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines: A set of guidelines for ensuring that web content is accessible to people with disabilities. Design & Practice N/A All
xAPI ADL Experience API: A protocol for reporting and tracking learning activities and experiences. Student Data 4. Protocol All
XML W3C Extensible Markup Language: A common format for representing digital content and data. Many educational data formats are based on XML. Foundational 3. Serialization All
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Other Resources

Site Updates

  • 20 May 2019: Full matrix and table update.